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Silicate rock analysis by fusion method

AppNote XRF1019: silicate rock analysis by fusion method


Major and trace component profiles in igneous rocks provide much information about rock history such as eruption or solidification, magma evolution, magma genesis and source materials as well as petrographical classification. In modern petrology, accurate determination of major and trace elements in silicate rocks is essential. Elemental analysis of rocks requires high precision, sensitivity and high throughput. X-ray fluorescence spectrometry is suitable for such requirements in silicate rock analysis. For the determination of major elements in silicate rocks, XRF analysis is currently a standard analytical method as well as the traditional wet chemical technique. For quantitative analysis of geological samples, the fusion method is common, which can eliminate sample heterogeneity, such as particle size and mineralogical effects, caused by various rock-forming minerals. Conventional fusion method have been widely used for determination of major element concentration because dilution by flux significantly reduces sensitivities of trace elements. Pressed pellet method is, therefore, applied to trace element analysis. Applying two preparation methods for every sample is not efficient and time-consuming. Low dilution fusion method has been developed to improve sensitivity of trace elements. The technique enables to determine the concentrations of trace elements accurately as well as major elements by a fused bead alone. This note demonstrates the low dilution fusion method to determine chemical concentrations for both major and trace elements in silicate rocks using ZSX PrimusIII+.

WDXRF products from Rigaku

Benchtop tube below sequential WDXRF spectrometer analyzes O through U in solids, liquids and powders

High power, tube above, sequential WDXRF spectrometer with new ZSX Guidance expert system software

High power, tube below, sequential WDXRF spectrometer with Smart Sample Loading System (SSLS)

High power, tube above, sequential WDXRF spectrometer

WDXRF spectrometer designed to handle very large and/or heavy samples

High-throughput tube-above multi-channel simultaneous WDXRF spectrometer analyzes Be through U

WDXRF ultra low sulfur analyzer for method ASTM D2622

ASTM D2622 method WDXRF analyzer for sulfur (S) in petroleum fuels and ULSD

Tube below, single element WDXRF analyzer for quality control applications