A stony-iron meteorite is like a single crystal. When using 0- or 1-dimensional detectors, only a few diffraction peaks are observed. In this situation, identification of crystalline phases cannot be conducted. Therefore, a stony-iron meteorite was analyzed using the multi-dimensional detector, HyPix-3000, which has an effective detection area for the identification of crystalline phases.
A stony-iron meteorite was analyzed using the HyPix-3000. Inside a stony-iron meteorite, there are transparent parts similar to glass and opaque parts similar to metal. The transparent parts were thought to be non-crystalline (amorphous). However, when measurement of the transparent part was actually performed, only one diffraction line was observed. In general, when measurement is done with a 0D or a 1D detector, the range in which diffraction X-rays can be detected from the sample is limited to a certain region.